Netgear Nighthawk R7800 : add USB camera support to create a security webcam

Posted on Wed 22 November 2017 in Article • Tagged with kernel, netgear, usb, v4l2

This article explains how to customize Nighthawk X4S firmware to add a security camera feature to this always-online & almost-always-idle device. Alternative firmwares like OpenWRT or LEDE exist, but they don't fully support all stock features yet. So instead this approach is based on modified stock firmware.

Netgear Nighthawk X4S Serious webcam

Main steps are:

  • Customize …

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SVE-2016-7930: Multiple buffer overflows in Samsung Galaxy bootloader

Posted on Sun 23 July 2017 in Advisory • Tagged with vulnerability, advisory, samsung, cellebrite, bootloader, exploit, firmware, security, usb, arm, odin

Prequel

On October 21st 2015, mobile forensics company Cellebrite published a video that demonstrates how their solution can dump eMMC of Samsung Galaxy devices :

This video strongly suggests that Samsung Galaxy bootloader can be exploited to execute arbitrary code.

Summary

Several bugs in Samsung Galaxy bootloader allow an attacker with …


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Amlogic S905 SoC: bypassing the (not so) Secure Boot to dump the BootROM

Posted on Wed 05 October 2016 in Article • Tagged with vulnerability, amlogic, arm, security, firmware, trustzone, bootrom, bug

The Amlogic S905 System-On-Chip is an ARM processor designed for video applications. It's widely used in Android/Kodi media boxes. The SoC implements the TrustZone security extensions to run a Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) that enables DRM & other security features :

S905 block diagram
Amlogic S905 System Block Diagram

The SoC contains a Secure …


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PowerLine (PLC) support in OpenWrt for D-Link DHP-1565

Posted on Sat 20 February 2016 in Article • Tagged with PLC, dhp-1565, AR7400, openwrt

D-Link 1565 is one of the few routers which integrates a PLC (Power line Communication) chipset (in this case QCA AR7400). Unfortunately, OpenWrt does not provide support for this feature yet.

This post presents configuration steps to enable PLC support in OpenWrt for this device.

Hardware configuration

By digging into …


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Analysis of Nexus 5 Monitor mode

Posted on Thu 25 December 2014 in Article • Tagged with arm, security, qualcomm, firmware, android, nexus, trustzone

This article will first describe how to locate the Monitor mode code in Nexus 5 firmware (hammerhead-ktu84p-factory-35ea0277, bootloader-hammerhead-hhz11k : c32f8bec310c659c1296739b00c6a8ac). Then, we will try to understand what it does (its functionalities). Finally, you will have to find bugs by yourself because I didn't find any...so far !

Note: Terms (Non-)Secure …


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[QPSIIR-80] Qualcomm TrustZone Integer Signedness bug

Posted on Thu 18 December 2014 in Advisory • Tagged with vulnerability, advisory, arm, security, qualcomm, android, trustzone

Summary

Qualcomm TrustZone is prone to an integer signedness bug that may allow to write NULL words to barely controllable locations in memory.

The vulnerability can be triggered from Non-Secure World through the TrustZone call "tzbsp_smmu_fault_regs_dump".

This issue has been discovered in Samsung Galaxy S5 firmware, but other devices can …

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Exploitation of Philips Smart TV

Posted on Thu 13 November 2014 in Article • Tagged with mips, smarttv, libupnp, philips, exploit

This post is a translated summary of the article published for my talk at SSTIC 2014 conference (french).

My Philips Smart TV is a Linux box standing there in my living room : that's a sufficient reason to try to get root.

Debug serial port

Internet hackers have already discovered a …


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pflupg-tool : unpack Philips SmartTV firmware

Posted on Fri 16 May 2014 in Tool • Tagged with mips, smarttv, firmware, philips

pflupg-tool is an unpacking tool for Philips SmartTV firmware (Fusion platform). If your firmware is encrypted, you have to provide the corresponding public key (public exponent + modulus).

You can add public keys in pflupg.h file:

#define PUBLIC_KEYS_CNT 2
// { name, public exponent e (hex string), modulus n (hex string)}
static …

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[CVE-2014-2978] DirectFB remote out-of-bounds write vulnerability

Posted on Thu 15 May 2014 in Advisory • Tagged with vulnerability, advisory

Summary

DirectFB is prone to an out-of-bound write vulnerability since version 1.4.4.

The vulnerability can be triggered remotely without authentication through Voodoo interface (network layer of DirectFB).

Details

An attacker can choose to overflow in the heap or the stack.

CVSS Version 2 Metrics

  • Access Vector: Network exploitable …

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[CVE-2014-2977] DirectFB integer signedness vulnerability

Posted on Thu 15 May 2014 in Advisory • Tagged with vulnerability, advisory

Summary

DirectFB is prone to an integer signedness vulnerability since version 1.4.13.

The vulnerability can be triggered remotely without authentication through Voodoo interface (network layer of DirectFB).

Details

This integer coercion error may lead to a stack overflow.

CVSS Version 2 Metrics

  • Access Vector: Network exploitable
  • Access Complexity …

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